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    Isobutanol is a potential biofuel, and its microbial production systems have demonstrated promising results. In a microbial system, the isobutanol produced is secreted into the media; however, the cells remaining after fermentation cannot be used efficiently during the isobutanol recovery process and are discarded as waste. To address this, we aimed to investigate the strategy of utilizing these remaining cells by combining the isobutanol production system with the indigo production system, wherein the product accumulates intracellularly. Accordingly, we constructed E. coli systems with genes, such as acetolactate synthase gene (alsS), ketol-acid reductoisomerase gene (ilvC), dihydroxyl-acid dehydratase (ilvD), and alpha-ketoisovalerate decarboxylase gene (kivD), for isobutanol production and genes, such as tryptophanase gene (tnaA) and flavin-containing monooxygenase gene (FMO), for indigo production. This system produced isobutanol and indigo simultaneously while accumulating indigo within cells. The production of isobutanol and indigo exhibited a strong linear correlation up to 72 h of production time; however, the pattern of isobutanol and indigo production varied. To our knowledge, this study is the first to simultaneously produce isobutanol and indigo and can potentially enhance the economy of biochemical production. Copyright © 2023 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.


    Do Hyun Cho, Hyun Jin Kim, Suk Jin Oh, Jeong Hyeon Hwang, Nara Shin, Shashi Kant Bhatia, Jeong-Jun Yoon, Jong-Min Jeon, Yung-Hun Yang. Strategy for efficiently utilizing Escherichia coli cells producing isobutanol by combining isobutanol and indigo production systems. Journal of biotechnology. 2023 Apr 10;367:62-70

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    PMID: 37019156

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