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Patients with rheumatic heart disease (RHD) and atrial fibrillation (AF) often have a risk of intracardiac thrombosis. Exfoliated thrombus is easy to cause embolic diseases. This study revealed the risk of intracardiac thrombosis in patients with RHD with AF by exploring the expression of plasma microRNA miR-145. The expression of plasma miR-145 in 58 patients with RHD complicated with AF was detected by real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction [28 cases in thrombus (TH) group and 30 cases in non-thrombus (NTH) group]. At the same time, a healthy control group (33 cases) was established. The correlation between miR-145 and thrombosis in RHD was analyzed. The expression of plasma miR-145 in TH group and NTH group decreased significantly, especially in TH group (P < .01). In TH group and NTH group, the expression of miR-145 was negatively correlated with D-Dimer level, Factor XI concentration and tissue factor level as well as left atrial diameter (all P < .01, respectively). The receiver operating curve analysis showed that the expression of miR-145 had diagnostic significance for RHD and its intracardiac thrombosis. In this study, we suggest that the change of plasma miR-145 expression in patients with RHD is related to coagulation activity and fibrinolysis, which can predict the risk of intracardiac thrombosis. Copyright © 2023 the Author(s). Published by Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc.


Xiong Zhang, Kai Deng, Xu-Ai Ren, Xiao-Ming Su. Effect of miR-145 on intracardiac thrombosis in patients with rheumatic heart disease complicated with atrial fibrillation: A retrospective analysis. Medicine. 2023 Apr 07;102(14):e33385

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PMID: 37026908

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