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Antimicrobial peptides (AMPs) play an important role in innate immunity against microorganisms. AMPs is an effective antibacterial agent, and the chances of causing pathogens to develop is very low. However, there is little information about AMPs in the giant Triton snail Charonia tritonis. In this research, an antimicrobial peptide gene (termed Ct-20534) was identified in C. tritonis. The open reading frame of Ct-20534 is 381 bp in size and it encodes a basic peptide precursor containing 126 amino acids. Ct-20534 gene was found to be expressed in all five tissues examined by real-time fluorescence quantitative PCR (qPCR), but the highest expression was found in the proboscis. This is the first report that antibacterial peptides have been found in C. tritonis, and it has been proved that Ct-20534 has antibacterial activity against Gram-positive bacteria and Gram-negative bacteria, among which the activity of Staphylococcus aureus is most significantly inhibited, this suggests that the newly discovered antimicrobial peptides in C. tritonis may play an important role in the immune system and bacterial resistance of C. tritonis. This study presents the discovery of a newly identified antibacterial peptide from C. tritonis, with its structural properties fully characterized and potent antibacterial activity confirmed. The results provide essential fundamental data for the development of preventive and therapeutic measures against aquatic animal diseases, which in turn can promote the sustainable and stable growth of the aquaculture industry and create economic benefits. Additionally, this research lays the foundation for future development of novel anti-infective drugs. Copyright © 2023 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.


Xitong Cen, Bing Liu, Gege Zhang, Huiru Liu, Gaoyou Yao, Maoxian He, Wenguang Liu. Molecular identification of a novel antimicrobial peptide in giant Triton snail Charonia tritonis: mRNA profiles for tissues and its potential antibacterial activity. Fish & shellfish immunology. 2023 May;136:108734

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PMID: 37028689

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