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Quantitative structure-activity relationship(QSAR) modeled the biological activities of 30 cannabinoids with quantum similarity descriptors(QSD) and Comparative Molecular Field Analysis (CoMFA). The PubChem[] database provided the geometries, binding affinities(Ki ) to the cannabinoid receptors type 1(CB1) and 2(CB2), and the median lethal dose(LD50 ) to breast cancer cells. An innovative quantum similarity approach combining (self)-similarity indexes calculated with different charge-fitting schemes under the Topo-Geometrical Superposition Algorithm(TGSA) were used to obtain QSARs. The determination coefficient(R2 ) and leave-one-out cross-validation[Q2 (LOO)] quantified the quality of multiple linear regression and support vector machine models. This approach was efficient in predicting the activities, giving predictive and robust models for each endpoint [pLD50 : R2 =0.9666 and Q2 (LOO)=0.9312; pKi (CB1): R2 =1.0000 and Q2 (LOO)=0.9727, and pKi (CB2): R2 =0.9996 and Q2 (LOO)=0.9460], where p is the negative logarithm. The descriptors based on the electrostatic potential encrypted better electronic information involved in the interaction. Moreover, the similarity-based descriptors generated unbiased models independent of an alignment procedure. The obtained models showed better performance than those reported in the literature. An additional 3D-QSAR CoMFA analysis was applied to 15 cannabinoids, taking THC as a template in a ligand-based approach. From this analysis, the region surrounding the amino group of the SR141716 ligand is the more favorable for the antitumor activity. © 2023 Wiley-VHCA AG, Zurich, Switzerland.


Daniela Navarro-Acosta, Ludis Coba-Jimenez, Alfredo Pérez-Gamboa, Néstor Cubillan, Ricardo Vivas-Reyes. QSAR Modelling of Biological Activity in Cannabinoids with Quantum Similarity Combinations of Charge Fitting Schemes and 3D-QSAR. Chemistry & biodiversity. 2023 May;20(5):e202201086

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PMID: 37029452

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