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Homeostatic maintenance and repair of lymphatic vessels are essential for health. We investigated the dynamics and the molecular mechanisms of lymphatic endothelial cell (LEC) renewal in adult mesenteric quiescent lymphatic vasculature using label-retention, lineage tracing, and cell ablation strategies. Unlike during development, adult LEC turnover and proliferation was confined to the valve regions of collecting vessels, with valve cells displaying the shortest lifespan. Proliferating valve sinus LECs were the main source for maintenance and repair of lymphatic valves. We identified mechanistic target of rapamycin complex 1 (mTORC1) as a mechanoresponsive pathway activated by fluid shear stress in LECs. Depending on the shear stress level, mTORC1 activity drives division of valve cells or dictates their mechanic resilience through increased protein synthesis. Overactivation of lymphatic mTORC1 in vivo promoted supernumerary valve formation. Our work provides insights into the molecular mechanisms of maintenance of healthy lymphatic vascular system. © 2023 Saygili Demir et al.


Cansaran Saygili Demir, Amélie Sabine, Muyun Gong, Olivier Dormond, Tatiana V Petrova. Mechanosensitive mTORC1 signaling maintains lymphatic valves. The Journal of cell biology. 2023 Jun 05;222(6)

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PMID: 37036444

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