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The study aimed to provide new information of Rosa roxburghii Tratt (RRT) for the production of functional foods and distinguish the geographical origins of RRT. The nutritional components of RRT from three regions in China, such as vitamin C, polysaccharides, total flavonoids, and total phenolics, and their antioxidant activities were analyzed by one-way ANOVA. The results of Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR) combined with principal component analysis (PCA), stepwise linear discriminant analysis (SLDA), k-nearest neighbor (k-NN), and support vector machine (SVM) were used to establish discriminant models to identify the geographical origin of RRT. The results of one-way ANOVA showed that the contents of some nutrients and antioxidant activity were significantly different among RRT from different regions and their FT-IR spectra also showed significant differences. The characteristic fingerprint bands of FT-IR (1679-1618 cm-1and 1520-900 cm-1) closely related to the geographical origins of RRT were screened out. Based on SLDA, a discriminant model was established to realize the classification and identification of RRT from different regions and the correct discrimination rate of the testing sample set obtained with the established model reached 100 %. Geographical factors caused the obvious differences in nutritional components and antioxidant activity in RRT. The characteristic fingerprint bands of RRT obtained with FT-IR could be used to identify the geographical origins of RRT more quickly and accurately. Copyright © 2023 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.


Shuqin Li, Yuemeng Lv, Qingli Yang, Juan Tang, Yue Huang, Haiyan Zhao, Fangyuan Zhao. Quality analysis and geographical origin identification of Rosa roxburghii Tratt from three regions based on Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy. Spectrochimica acta. Part A, Molecular and biomolecular spectroscopy. 2023 Sep 05;297:122689

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PMID: 37043835

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