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Deep eutectic solvents (DESs) are an alternative to traditional organic solvents and ionic liquids and meet the requirements of "green" chemistry. They are easy to prepare using low-cost constituents, are non-toxic and biodegradable. The review analyzes literature on the use of DES in various fields of biotechnology, provides data on the types of DESs, methods for their preparation, and properties. The main areas of using DESs in biotechnology include extraction of physiologically active substances from natural resources, pretreatment of lignocellulosic biomass to improve enzymatic hydrolysis of cellulose, production of bioplastics, as well as a reaction medium for biocatalytic reactions. The aim of this review is to summarize available information on the use of new solvents for biotechnological purposes.


Olga V Morozova, Irina S Vasil'eva, Galina P Shumakovich, Elena A Zaitseva, Alexander I Yaropolov. Deep Eutectic Solvents for Biotechnology Applications. Biochemistry. Biokhimiia. 2023 Jan;88(Suppl 1):S150-S175

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PMID: 37069119

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