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After anastomosis of sutures or pins, the restoration of intestinal barrier function can avoid several complications, such as tissue damage and inflammation. Our previous studies demonstrated the feasibility of biodegradable magnesium (Mg) pins as novel anastomosing implants to spontaneously absorb in the body, avoiding secondary removal surgery and long-term inflammation. However, the effect of Mg pins on the intestinal tight junction barrier is rarely investigated. In this study, we conducted high-purity Mg pins inserted in the intestine of rats and prepared Mg extracts cultured intestinal epithelial cell line to investigate the biological effect on the intestinal barrier associated with tight junction protein expression. We discovered that the concentration of released Mg ions over 1.7 mM was the critical threshold, above which mRNA expression of intestinal tight junction and cell apoptosis were affected considerably. Results of the immunohistochemical analysis revealed that Mg functions to stimulate ZO-1, caspase-3, occluding, and claudin-3 expressions. We offer new insight into the effectiveness of biodegradable Mg materials as the next generation of intestinal anastomosis pins, which effectively filters toxins as well as bacteria, and reduces inflammation.


Ting Shan, Jun Yan, Xiaonong Zhang, Yigang Chen. In vitro and in vivo evaluation of effects of high-purity magnesium on tight junction of intestinal epithelial cell. Journal of applied biomaterials & functional materials. 2023 Jan-Dec;21:22808000231165281

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PMID: 37070300

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