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    Getah virus (GETV), is an often neglected and re-emerging mosquito-borne RNA virus. GETV can cause illness accompanied with high fever, rash, incapacitating arthralgia and chronic arthritis or encephalitic disease in affected animals. Currently, there is no specific treatment or vaccine against GETV infection. In this study, we developed three recombinant viruses by inserting different reporter protein genes between the Cap and pE2 genes. The reporter viruses exhibited high replication capacity similar to the parental virus. The rGECiLOV and rGECGFP viruses were genetically stable within at least ten rounds of passages in BHK-21 cells. We confirmed that the reporter virus, rGECGFP, facilitated the antiviral assays against GETV by testing it with the known inhibitor, ribavirin. It was also found that the compound, doxycycline, showed an inhibitory effect on GETV replication. In addition, rGECGFP was found to be an authentic mimic of the parental virus infection in 3-day-old mice, but with milder pathogenicity. The reporter viruses will contribute to the assessment of viral replication and proliferation, tracking and elucidating of alphavirus-host interactions. In addition, they will help in the screening of potential antiviral compounds. Copyright © 2023 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.


    Tongwei Ren, Lingshan Zhou, Xiangling Min, Mengqi Sui, Xuechun Zhi, Yongfang Mo, Jing Huang, Kang Zhang, Wenbo Liu, Hao Wang, Xindong Wang, Kang Ouyang, Ying Chen, Weijian Huang, Zuzhang Wei. Development of a recombinant reporter Getah virus for antiviral drug screening assays. Veterinary microbiology. 2023 Jun;281:109742

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    PMID: 37075664

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