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African trypanosomiasis (AT) is a hemoparasitic disease caused by infection with African trypanosomes and it is prevalent in many sub-Saharan African countries, affecting both humans and domestic animals. The disease is transmitted mostly by haematophagous insects of the genus Glossina while taking blood meal, in the process spreading the parasites from an infected animal to an uninfected animal. The disease is fatal if untreated, and the available drugs are generally ineffective and resulting in toxicities. Therefore, it is still pertinent to explore novel methods and targets for drug discovery. Proteolysis-targeting chimeras (PROTACs) present a new strategy for development of therapeutic molecules that mimic cellular proteasomal-mediated protein degradation to target proteins involved in different disease types. PROTACs have been used to degrade proteins involved in various cancers, neurodegenerative diseases, and immune disorders with remarkable success. Here, we highlight the problems associated with the current treatments for AT, discuss the concept of PROTACs and associated targeted protein degradation (TPD) approaches, and provide some insights on the future potential for the use of these emerging technologies (PROTACs and TPD) for the development of new generation of anti-Trypanosoma drugs and the first "TrypPROTACs". Copyright © 2023. Published by Elsevier B.V.


Ammar Usman Danazumi, Ibtida Tabassum Ishmam, Salisu Idris, Matylda Anna Izert, Emmanuel Oluwadare Balogun, Maria Wiktoria Górna. Targeted protein degradation might present a novel therapeutic approach in the fight against African trypanosomiasis. European journal of pharmaceutical sciences : official journal of the European Federation for Pharmaceutical Sciences. 2023 Jul 01;186:106451

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PMID: 37088149

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