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    Carotid body (CB) activity stimulated by a lower partial oxygen pressure in rats is enhanced by exposure to chronic intermittent hypoxia. However, the mechanisms that modulate CB activity remain unclear. In the present study, the expression and distribution of one of the candidate molecules to modulate reactivity, Ca2+/calmodulin-dependent protein kinase II (CaMKII) were examined in the rat CB using reverse transcriptional polymerase chain reaction and immunofluorescence with isoform-specific antibodies. CaMKIIγ and CaMKIIδ were distributed in CB chemoreceptor cells, and exhibited intense immunoreactivity in dopamine β-hydroxylase-positive chemoreceptor cells. CaMKIIβ and CaMKIIγ were distributed in sensory nerve endings attached to chemoreceptor cells of the CB. In the petrosal ganglion, immunoreactivities for CaMKIIα, CaMKIIβ, CaMKIIγ, and CaMKIIδ were detected in the perinuclear region of ganglion cells. The present results indicate that CaMKIIγ and CaMKIIδ in chemoreceptor cells and CaMKIIβ and CaMKIIγ in sensory nerve endings enhanced reciprocal synaptic transmission, i.e., noradrenaline and ATP for cells to neurons and glutamate for neurons to cells. Copyright © 2023 Elsevier GmbH. All rights reserved.


    Hiroki Saito, Takuya Yokoyama, Nobuaki Nakamuta, Yoshio Yamamoto. Immunohistochemical distribution of Ca2+/calmodulin-dependent protein kinase II subunits in the rat carotid body. Acta histochemica. 2023 May;125(4):152043

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    PMID: 37126880

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