Correlation Engine 2.0
Clear Search sequence regions

Sizes of these terms reflect their relevance to your search.

Immunoglobulin A nephropathy (IgAN) is a main cause of end stage renal disease (ESRD). Many IgAN patients with ESRD accept kidney allograft for renal replacement. However, disease recurrence occurs after transplantation. Galactose-deficient immunoglobulin A1(Gd-IgA1) has been proved to be a crucial biomarker in the primary IgAN population. This meta-analysis aimed to explore the association between serum Gd-IgA1 and IgAN recurrence after renal transplantation and was registered on PROSPERO: CRD42022356952; A literature search was performed and relevant studies were retrieved from the PubMed, Embase and Cochrane library databases from inception to April 27, 2023. The inclusion criteria were: 1) full-text studies; 2) patients with histological diagnosis of IgAN of their native kidneys who underwent kidney transplantation; 3) studies exploring the relationship between serum Gd-IgA1 and IgAN recurrence after kidney transplantation. The exclusion criteria were: 1) reviews, case reports, or non-clinical studies. 2) studies with insufficient original data or incomplete data. 3) studies with duplicated data. Study quality was assessed using Newcastle Ottawa Scale (NOS). Data were pooled using a random-effects model. 8 full-text studies including 515 patients were identified. The Newcastle-Ottawa Scale (NOS) score ranged from 6 to 8. The standard mean difference (SMD) of the level of Gd-IgA1 was significantly higher in recurrence group than in non-recurrence group (SMD = 0.50,95%CI = 0.15-0.85, p = 0.005). Furthermore, Gd-IgA1 levels were higher in recurrence patients than in non-recurrence in both Europe subgroup (SMD 0.45, 95%CI: 0.08-0.82, p = 0.02) and Asia subgroup (SMD 0.90, 95%CI: 0.10-1.70, p = 0.03). However, pretransplant Gd-IgA1 levels showed no significant difference between recurrence and non-recurrence group (SMD 0.46, 95%CI: 0.06-0.99, p = 0.08) in anther subgroup analysis while posttransplant Gd-IgA1 levels were significantly higher in recurrence population than in non-recurrence (SMD 0.57, 95%CI 0.21 to 0.92, p = 0.002). This meta-analysis showed that posttransplant serum Gd-IgA1 levels are associated with IgAN recurrence after kidney transplantation; however, pretransplant serum Gd-IgA1 levels are not. Copyright © 2023 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.


Zhiyan Gong, Jianying Tang, Wei Hu, Xiaoyan Song, Xiyan Liu, Jiao Mu, Yuanyuan Su. Serum galactose-deficient immunoglobulin A1 in recurrent immunoglobulin a nephropathy after kidney transplantation: A meta-analysis. Transplant immunology. 2023 Aug;79:101850

Expand section icon Mesh Tags

Expand section icon Substances

PMID: 37182720

View Full Text