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    The application of dental implants presents the occurrence of implant failures associated with bone proximal support. This study aims to assess implant behavior, in particular implant stability and strain distribution in the bone at different bone densities, and the effect of proximal bone support. Three bone densities (D20, D15, and D10) were considered in the experimental in vitro study, represented by solid rigid polyurethane foam and two conditions of bone support in the proximal region. A finite element model was developed and validated experimentally and a Branemark model at a 3:1 scale was implanted in the experiments; the model was loaded and extracted. The results of the experimental models validate the finite element models with a correlation R2 equal to 0.899 and NMSE of 7%. The implant extraction tests for the effect of bone properties in the maximum load were 2832 N for D20 and 792 N for D10. The effect of proximal bone support changes the implant stability was observed experimentally; at 1 mm less bone support decreases by 20% of stability and at 2 mm by 58% for D15 density. Bone properties and bone quantity are important for the initial stability of the implant. A bone volume fraction of less than 24 g/cm3 exhibits poor behavior and is not indicated for implantation. Proximal bone support reduces the primary stability of the implant and the effect is critical in lower bone density. Copyright © 2023 Elsevier Masson SAS. All rights reserved.


    C Gomes, M Mesnard, A Ramos. Bone density and proximal support effects on dental implant stability - Finite element analysis and in vitro experiments. Journal of stomatology, oral and maxillofacial surgery. 2023 Oct;124(5):101512

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    PMID: 37209971

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