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The official specifications for food additives from natural sources list the species according to their scientific and Japanese names, thereby providing a unique identifier for the species. This helps to prevent the use of nonprescribed species, which might cause unexpected or unintended health hazards. However, there are cases in which the names of the source species listed in the official specifications differ from the accepted scientific names based on the latest taxonomic research. In this paper, we argue that it is more important to define scientific and Japanese names with an emphasis on traceability in order to control the range of food additive ingredients in a rational and sustainable manner. Therefore, we proposed a method for ensuring traceability as well as a specific notation procedure for scientific and Japanese names. Using this method, we examined the source species for three food additives. In some cases, the range of sources species expanded with the change in scientific names. Ensuring traceability is extremely important, but it is also necessary to confirm whether unexpected species are included when names are changed.


Naoko Masumoto, Naoki Sugimoto, Kyoko Sato. Proposal for Guidelines on the Notation and Investigation of Scientific Names for the Source of Natural Food Additives in Japanese Standards]. Shokuhin eiseigaku zasshi. Journal of the Food Hygienic Society of Japan. 2023;64(2):78-88

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PMID: 37211389

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