Correlation Engine 2.0
Clear Search sequence regions

  • calcium (1)
  • function (3)
  • Glucagon (5)
  • homeostasis function (1)
  • hypoglycemia (1)
  • insulin (6)
  • mice (11)
  • morphogenesis (1)
  • nutrient (1)
  • PTHrP (14)
  • rodents (1)
  • Sizes of these terms reflect their relevance to your search.

    Parathyroid hormone-related protein (PTHrP) is a pleiotropic hormone essential for morphogenesis, tissue differentiation, as well as cell regulation and function. PTHrP is expressed by pancreatic beta cells which are responsible for insulin secretion. Previous studies have reported that N-terminal PTHrP stimulated proliferation in beta cells in rodents. We have developed a knockin mouse model (PTHrP Δ/Δ) lacking the C-terminal and nuclear localization sequence (NLS) of PTHrP. These mice die at ∼day 5, are severely stunted in growth, weigh 54% less than control mice at day 1-2 and eventually fail to grow. PTHrP Δ/Δ mice are also hypoinsulinemic and hypoglycemic yet have nutrient intake proportional to size. To characterize the pancreatic islets in these mice, islets (∼10-20) were isolated from 2 to 5 day-old-mice using collagenase digestion. Islets from PTHrP Δ/Δ mice were smaller in size but secreted more insulin than littermate controls. PTHrP Δ/Δ and control mice islets were exposed to various glucose concentrations and intracellular calcium, the trigger for insulin release, was elevated for glucose concentrations of 8-20 mM. Immunofluorescence staining showed less glucagon-stained area in islets from PTHrP Δ/Δ mice (∼250 µm2) compared to islets from control mice (∼900 µm2), and ELISA confirmed there was reduced glucagon content. These data collectively demonstrate increased insulin secretion and reduced glucagon at the islet level, which may contribute to the observed hypoglycemia and early death in PTHrP Δ/Δ mice. Thus, the C-terminus and NLS of PTHrP are crucial to life, including regulation of glucose homeostasis and islet function. Copyright © 2023 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.


    Ibiagbani M Max-Harry, Waleed J Hashmi, Brian P List, Noriko Kantake, Kathryn L Corbin, Ramiro E Toribio, Craig S Nunemaker, Thomas J Rosol. The nuclear localization sequence and C-terminus of parathyroid hormone-related protein regulate normal pancreatic islet development and function. General and comparative endocrinology. 2023 Sep 01;340:114309

    Expand section icon Mesh Tags

    Expand section icon Substances

    PMID: 37236490

    View Full Text