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    Periodontitis is a multifactorial inflammatory disease that leads to the destruction of supporting structures of the teeth. DNA damage-inducible transcript 3 (DDIT3) plays crucial roles in cell survival and differentiation. DDIT3 regulates bone mass and osteoclastogenesis in femur. However, the role of DDIT3 in periodontitis has not been elucidated. This research aimed to explore the role and mechanisms of DDIT3 in periodontitis. DDIT3 gene knockout (KO) mice were generated using a CRISPR/Cas9 system. Experimental periodontitis models were established to explore the role of DDIT3 in periodontitis. The expression of DDIT3 in periodontal tissues was detected by quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) and immunohistochemistry (IHC). The alveolar bone phenotypes were observed by micro-CT and stereomicroscopy. The inflammation levels and osteoclast activity were examined by histological staining, immunostaining, and qRT-PCR. Bone marrow-derived macrophages (BMMs) were isolated to confirm the effects of DDIT3 on osteoclast formation and function in vitro. The increased expression of DDIT3 in murine inflamed periodontal tissues was detected. DDIT3 knockout aggravated alveolar bone loss and enhanced expression levels of inflammatory cytokines in murine periodontitis models. Increased osteoclast formation and higher expression levels of osteoclast-specific markers were observed in the inflamed periodontal tissues of KO mice. In vitro, DDIT3 deficiency promoted the formation of tartrate-resistant acid phosphatase (TRAP)-positive multinucleated osteoclasts and the bone resorption activity of mature osteoclasts. Our results demonstrate that DDIT3 deletion aggravated alveolar bone loss in experimental periodontitis through enhanced inflammatory reactions and osteoclastogenesis. The anti-inflammation and the inhibition of bone loss by DDIT3 in murine periodontitis provides a potential novel therapeutic strategy for periodontitis. © 2023 John Wiley & Sons A/S. Published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

    Citation

    Yao Luo, Beining Yang, Wei Dong, Wenqian Yu, Meie Jia, Jiawei Wang. DNA damage-inducible transcript 3 deficiency promotes bone resorption in murine periodontitis models. Journal of periodontal research. 2023 Aug;58(4):841-851

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    PMID: 37243354

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