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Hemoglobin (Hb) variants are common factors that affect the results of glycosylated hemoglobin (A1C) tests. Hemoglobin variants react differently to different testing methods. Herein, we presented the first ever report of the effect of hemoglobin C (Hb C) on the test results of A1C in the Chinese population. High performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) and capillary electrophoresis were performed to measure A1C. Hemoglobin electrophoresis was conducted to identify the hemoglobin variants. Hb sequencing was performed to determine the mutation sites on the β chain. HPLC showed decreased A1C results, which could be corrected by electrophoresis, but the electrophoresis graph still showed abnormal peaks. The hemoglobin electrophoresis results suggested that there were hemoglobin variants, which hemoglobin sequencing results revealed to be Hb C. Uncommon variations in a specific population tend to be overlooked. To avoid clinical decision-making being affected by the results of a single test, we recommend that an explanatory reporting model be routinely adopted for A1C tests so that all reports always contain explanatory notes for the testing methodology and analysis of the graphs. Copyright© by Editorial Board of Journal of Sichuan University (Medical Sciences).


Li-Bo Liang, He He, Wan-Ting Sun, You-Qiong Li, Mei Zhang. Hemoglobin C Variant Affecting Glycated Hemoglobin Test Results: A Rare Case Report]. Sichuan da xue xue bao. Yi xue ban = Journal of Sichuan University. Medical science edition. 2023 May;54(3):659-662

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PMID: 37248601

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