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    Unplanned pregnancies in women with maternal cardiac disease (MCD) are associated with increased morbidity and mortality, but the majority of these individuals do not use highly reliable contraception on postpartum hospital discharge. Contraceptive counseling in this population outside of pregnancy is incomplete and counseling during pregnancy remains poorly characterized. Our objective was to evaluate the provision and quality of contraceptive counseling for individuals with MCD during pregnancy. All individuals with MCD who delivered between 2008 and 2021 at a tertiary care institution with a multidisciplinary cardio-obstetrics team were sent a 27-question survey. A subset of questions were derived from the validated Interpersonal Quality in Family Planning (IQFP) survey, which emphasizes interpersonal connection, adequate information, and decision support for the individual. Each participant received a $15 gift card for survey completion. We performed chart review for clinical and demographic details, including cardiac risk score. Of 522 individuals to whom the survey was sent, 133 responded and met inclusion criteria. Overall, 67% discussed contraception with their general obstetrician, 36% with their maternal-fetal medicine (MFM) specialist, and 24% with their cardiologist. Compared to individuals with low cardiac risk scores, those with high cardiac risk scores had a nonsignificant trend toward being more likely to discuss contraception with a MFM provider (52% vs 33%, pā€‰=ā€‰.08). 65% reported that their provider was 'excellent' or 'good' in all IQFP domains. Respondents valued providers who respected their autonomy and offered thorough counseling. Respondents disliked feeling pressured or uninformed about the safety of contraceptive options. Most individuals with MCD reported excellent contraceptive counseling during pregnancy. Additional work is needed to understand barriers to and enablers for effective, patient-centered contraceptive counseling and use in this population.


    Shirley J Shao, Arianna G Cassidy, Aryn Alanizi, Anushree Agarwal, Nasim C Sobhani. Contraceptive counseling and choices in pregnancies with maternal cardiac disease. The journal of maternal-fetal & neonatal medicine : the official journal of the European Association of Perinatal Medicine, the Federation of Asia and Oceania Perinatal Societies, the International Society of Perinatal Obstetricians. 2023 Dec;36(1):2217318

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    PMID: 37263627

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