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    Since the heart pumps out the blood through the excitation-contraction coupling, simultaneous monitoring of the electrical and mechanical characteristics is beneficial for comprehensive diagnosis of cardiac disorders. Currently, these characteristics are monitored separately with electrocardiogram (ECG) and medical imaging techniques. This work presents a fully implantable device named mechano-electrocardiogram (MECG) sensor that can measure mechanocardiogram (MCG) and ECG together. The key to the success is fabrication of permeable electrodes on a single low-modulus porous nanofiber mat, which helps immediate adhesion of the sensor on the tissue. A strain-insensitive electrode is used as the ECG electrode and a strain-sensitive electrode is used for MCG. The MECG device is implanted subcutaneously in the skin above the heart of the rat. Through a vasopressor (phenylephrine) injection test, the MECG signals indicate that the MCG amplitude is related with blood pressure and the ECG peak interval is more related with heart rate. These results confirm that the MECG device is clinically meaningful for continuous and comprehensive monitoring of the electrical and mechanical characteristics of the heart. Copyright © 2023 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.


    Joosung Oh, Junho Kim, Sungmin Moon, YoungHyun Lee, Daejong Park, Jaesoon Joo, Young-Min Shon, Sung-Min Park, Unyong Jeong. Subcutaneous mechano-electrocardiogram (MECG) sensor for complementary cardiac diagnosis. Biosensors & bioelectronics. 2023 Sep 15;236:115443

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    PMID: 37276637

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