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Extremely variable prevalence rates of atherogenic dyslipidaemia (AD) in type 2 diabetes (T2DM) subjects have been reported. The primary aim was to assess AD prevalence in Spanish T2DM subjects. Secondary objectives were to evaluate the differential clinical characteristics between T2DM subjects with and without AD, to describe lipid profile evolution and use of lipid-lowering treatment in clinical practice by the Spanish Lipid Units. Data was obtained from the National Registry of Dyslipidaemias of the Spanish Atherosclerosis Society, from a multicentric sub-study focused on AD prevalence in T2DM subjects (PREDISAT study). The inclusion criteria were subjects diagnosed of T2DM with age ≥18 years old. A total of 385 T2DM subjects with a mean age of 61 years and 246 (64%) men were included. The mean follow-up was 22 ± 7.4 months. At baseline, 41.3% of the T2DM subjects presented AD, this percentage decreasing to 34.8% with therapeutic intervention. AD prevalence varied in different age groups and appeared to be more prevalent in younger T2DM subjects. Those with AD had a more atherogenic lipid profile at baseline, with higher total cholesterol, triglyceride and non-(high-density lipoprotein) HDL cholesterol levels at baseline, together with lower HDL cholesterol concentrations, without achieving lipid subfraction goals during follow-up. Although almost 90% of the AD subjects were under lipid-lowering treatment, most were receiving only one drug, being statins the most used treatmentA high AD prevalence in T2DM subjects was observed, being age a determinant factor, with a modest decline during follow-up. Although almost 90% of the AD subjects were under lipid-lowering drugs, most were only receiving monotherapy with statins. © 2023 AOCS.


Elisenda Climent, Jesús Millán, Juan F Ascaso, Manuel Suárez-Tembra, Carlos Morillas, Fernando Civeira, Jose M Bellón, Juan Pedro-Botet, Spanish Atherosclerosis Society Working Group on Atherogenic Dyslipidaemia. Atherogenic dyslipidaemia in type 2 diabetes mellitus: The PREDISAT study. Lipids. 2023 Jul;58(4):197-206

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PMID: 37291984

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