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    Hypocitraturia is an important cause of urolithiasis. Exploring the characteristics of the gut microbiome (GMB) of hypocitriuria urolithiasis (HCU) patients can provide new ideas for the treatment and prevention of urolithiasis. The 24 h urinary citric acid excretion of 19 urolithiasis patients was measured, and patients were divided into the HCU group and the normal citrate urolithiasis (NCU) group. The 16 s ribosomal RNA (rRNA) was used to detect GMB composition differences and construct operational taxonomic units (OTUs) coexistence networks. The key bacterial community was determined by Lefse analysis, Metastats analysis and RandomForest analysis. Redundancy analysis (RDA) and Pearson correlation analysis visualized the correlation between key OTUs and clinical features and then established the disease diagnosis model of microbial-clinical indicators. Finally, PICRUSt2 was used to explore the metabolic pathway of related GMB in HCU patients. The alpha diversity of GMB in HCU group was increased and Beta diversity analysis suggested significant differences between HCU and NCU groups, which was related to renal function damage and urinary tract infection. Ruminococcaceae_ge and Turicibacter are the characteristic bacterial groups of HCU. Correlation analysis showed that the characteristic bacterial groups were significantly associated with various clinical features. Based on this, the diagnostic models of microbiome-clinical indicators in HCU patients were constructed with the areas under the curve (AUC) of 0.923 and 0.897, respectively. Genetic and metabolic processes of HCU are affected by changes in GMB abundance. GMB disorder may be involved in the occurrence and clinical characteristics of HCU by influencing genetic and metabolic pathways. The new microbiome-clinical indicator diagnostic model is effective. © 2023. The Author(s), under exclusive licence to Springer Nature B.V.


    Jialiang Wang, Guofeng Chen, Heyi Chen, Jiabi Chen, Qingfu Su, Wei Zhuang. Exploring the characteristics of gut microbiome in patients of Southern Fujian with hypocitraturia urolithiasis and constructing clinical diagnostic models. International urology and nephrology. 2023 Aug;55(8):1917-1929

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    PMID: 37294502

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