Correlation Engine 2.0
Clear Search sequence regions

  • antibodies (3)
  • diagnosis (1)
  • donor (1)
  • donor blood (1)
  • edema (1)
  • factor (2)
  • humans (1)
  • lipids (1)
  • lung (17)
  • neutrophil (1)
  • oxygen (1)
  • patients (1)
  • research (1)
  • vital signs (1)
  • Sizes of these terms reflect their relevance to your search.

    Respiratory transfusion reactions represent some of the most severe adverse reactions related to receiving blood products. Of those, transfusion-related acute lung injury (TRALI) is associated with elevated morbidity and mortality. TRALI is characterized by severe lung injury associated with inflammation, pulmonary neutrophil infiltration, lung barrier leak, and increased interstitial and airspace edema that cause respiratory failure. Presently, there are few means of detecting TRALI beyond clinical definitions based on physical examination and vital signs or preventing/treating TRALI beyond supportive care with oxygen and positive pressure ventilation. Mechanistically, TRALI is thought to be mediated by the culmination of two successive proinflammatory hits, which typically comprise a recipient factor (1st hit-e.g., systemic inflammatory conditions) and a donor factor (2nd hit-e.g., blood products containing pathogenic antibodies or bioactive lipids). An emerging concept in TRALI research is the contribution of extracellular vesicles (EVs) in mediating the first and/or second hit in TRALI. EVs are small, subcellular, membrane-bound vesicles that circulate in donor and recipient blood. Injurious EVs may be released by immune or vascular cells during inflammation, by infectious bacteria, or in blood products during storage, and can target the lung upon systemic dissemination. This review assesses emerging concepts such as how EVs: 1) mediate TRALI, 2) represent targets for therapeutic intervention to prevent or treat TRALI, and 3) serve as biochemical biomarkers facilitating TRALI diagnosis and detection in at-risk patients.


    Wolfgang M Kuebler, Nishaka William, Martin Post, Jason P Acker, Mark J McVey. Extracellular vesicles: effectors of transfusion-related acute lung injury. American journal of physiology. Lung cellular and molecular physiology. 2023 Sep 01;325(3):L327-L341

    Expand section icon Mesh Tags

    Expand section icon Substances

    PMID: 37310760

    View Full Text