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The purpose of the present double-blind, placebo-controlled, randomized clinical trial was to evaluate the efficacy and safety of Cytoflavin in patients with diabetic polyneuropathy (DPN). Investigational therapy was administered in two steps: intravenous infusions of experimental drug/placebo for 10 days followed by oral administration for 75 days. In 10 clinical centers, 216 patients aged 45-74 years with a diagnosis of type 2 diabetes mellitus, symptomatic distal sensorimotor DPN, confirmed no earlier than 1 year before screening, on stable therapy (no change of drugs and doses) by oral hypoglycemic drugs, intermediate-acting, long-acting or extra-long-acting insulin, and/or GLP-1 receptor agonists. By the end of treatment, the change of the Total Symptom Score (TSS) in the experimental group was -2.65 points, in the placebo group -1.73 points (p<0.001). Improvement of symptoms in the experimental group was achieved regardless of the degree of compensation for type 2 diabetes (both in those with Hb1Ac <8.0% and in those with Hb1Ac ≥8.0%), but demonstrated better results in patients with less severe baseline symptoms (TSS <7.5). Improvement in the components of the TSS scale «paresthesia» and «numbness» occurred as early as on day 11 of therapy; by the end of treatment, a significant decrease in the «burning» component was also demonstrated. The experimental drug had a positive safety profile. Cytoflavin, intravenous solution and enteric-coated tablets (SPTF Polysan Ltd.) is indicated for the symptomatic treatment of DPN.


I A Strokov, Yu A Trakhtenberg, A L Kovalenko. Efficacy and safety of Cytoflavin in the treatment of diabetic polyneuropathy: results of a multicenter, double-blind, placebo-controlled, randomized CYLINDER study]. Zhurnal nevrologii i psikhiatrii imeni S.S. Korsakova. 2023;123(5):100-107

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PMID: 37315248

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