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Seven circulating peptides, consisting of 18-28 amino acids, were identified as possible biomarkers of hypertensive disorders of pregnancy (HDP) in our previous study. However, it is unknown whether these peptides are relevant to cardiovascular disease. The purpose of this study was to clarify the relationships between serum levels of these peptides and leg arterial blood flow in patients with lower extremity arterial disease (LEAD). The subjects were 165 outpatients with LEAD. Patients with advanced LEAD (stages 5 and 6 of the Rutherford classification) were not included. Leg arterial blood flow was evaluated by ankle brachial pressure index (ABI) and % decrease in ABI after leg exercise induced by a leg loader or treadmill. Concentrations of the seven peptides with m/z 2081 (P-2081), 2091 (P-2091), 2127 (P-2127), 2209 (P-2209), 2378 (P-2378), 2858 (P-2858) and 3156 (P-3156) were measured simultaneously with a mass spectrometer. P-2081, P-2127 and P-2209 levels showed significant positive correlations with leg arterial blood flow, while P-2091, P-2378 and P-2858 levels showed significant inverse correlations with leg arterial blood flow. There was no significant correlation between P-3156 levels and leg arterial blood flow. The above positive and inverse associations between peptide levels and leg arterial blood flow were also found in logistic regression analysis using tertile groups divided by the concentrations of each peptide. Serum levels of six HDP-related peptides (P-2081, P-2091, P-2127, P-2209, P-2378 and P-2858) were associated with lower extremity arterial blood flow in patients with LEAD, and thus these peptides are possible biomarkers for severity of LEAD. Copyright © 2023 The Authors. Published by Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.


Ichiro Wakabayashi, Yoko Sotoda, Shigeki Hirooka, Hiroyuki Orita, Mitsuaki Yanagida, Yoshihiko Araki. Peptides associated with hypertensive disorders of pregnancy as possible biomarkers for severity of lower extremity arterial disease. Atherosclerosis. 2023 Jul;376:63-70

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PMID: 37315394

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