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In the present work, the drug-loading efficacy of graphyne (GYN) for doxorubicin (DOX) drug is investigated for the first time by using density functional theory (DFT). Doxorubicin drug is effective in the cure of numerous types of cancer including bone cancer, gastric, thyroid, bladder, ovarian, breast, and soft tissue cancer. Doxorubicin drug prevents the cell division process by intercalating in the double-helix of DNA and stopping its replication. The optimized, geometrical, energetic, and excited-state characteristics of graphyne (GYN), doxorubicin drug (DOX), and doxorubicin-graphyne complex (DOX@GYN complex) are calculated to see how effective it is as a carrier. The DOX drug interacted with GYN with an adsorption-energy of -1.57 eV (gas-phase). The interaction of GYN with DOX drug is investigated using NCI (non-covalent interaction) analysis. The findings of this analysis showed that the DOX@GYN complex has weak forces of interaction. Charge transfer from doxorubicin drug to GYN during DOX@GYN complex formation is described by charge-decomposition analysis and HOMO-LUMO analysis. The increased dipole-moment (8.41 D) of the DOX@GYN in contrast with therapeutic agent DOX and GYN indicated that the drug will move easily in the biochemical system. Furthermore, the photo-induced electron-transfer process is explored for excited states, and it reveals that upon interaction, fluorescence-quenching will occur in the complex DOX@GYN. In addition, the influence of the positive and negative charge states on the GYN and DOX@GYN is also considered. Overall, the findings indicated that the GYN could be exploited as an effective drug-transporter for the delivery of doxorubicin drug. Investigators will be inspired to look at another 2D nanomaterials for drug transport applications as a result of this theoretical work. Copyright © 2023 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.


Mehvish Perveen, Lubna Noreen, Muhammad Waqas, Rana Farhat Mehmood, Javed Iqbal, Sidra Manzoor, Sidra Nazir, Ahmed M Shawky, Rasheed Ahmad Khera. A DFT approach for finding therapeutic potential of graphyne as a nanocarrier in the doxorubicin drug delivery to treat cancer. Journal of molecular graphics & modelling. 2023 Nov;124:108537

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PMID: 37321062

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