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Phaeochromocytomas are rare tumours of the adrenal medulla that can be associated with various presentations. Many of the better characterized clinical signs, including weakness, tachycardia and tachypnoea, are attributable to excessive and unregulated catecholamine secretion from functional tumours. In addition to catecholamine-induced cardiomyopathy and vasospasm, the invasive nature of phaeochromocytomas can lead to occlusion of the caudal vena cava contributing to systemic cardiovascular compromise. In humans, leukocytoclastic vasculitis is a rarely reported manifestation of catecholamine excess associated with phaeochromocytomas. We now describe a dog that had an invasive unilateral phaeochromocytoma with histological evidence of myocardial damage, consistent with catecholamine-induced cardiomyopathy, and leukocytoclastic vasculitis of small vessels in a range of tissues. We conclude that catecholamine excess may have played a role in the pathogenesis of vasculitis in this case. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first documented association between phaeochromocytoma and leukocytoclastic vasculitis in a non-human species. Copyright © 2023 The Author(s). Published by Elsevier Ltd.. All rights reserved.


Jacqueline Poldy, Stefania Gelendi, Daria Starybrat, Jorge Del-Pozo. Phaeochromocytoma associated with cardiomyopathy and leukocytoclastic vasculitis in a dog. Journal of comparative pathology. 2023 Jul;204:30-34

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PMID: 37329661

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