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Broomcorn millet (BM) is a future smart food. However, no information is available on the metabolism of BM grains under alkaline stress. In this study, the effects of alkaline stress on nonvolatile and volatile metabolites in the BM grains of two varieties (S223 and T289) were investigated through metabolomics approaches. All 933 nonvolatile metabolites and 313 volatile metabolites were identified, with 114 and 89 nonvolatile metabolites and 16 and 20 volatile metabolites accumulating differentially under normal vs. alkaline stresses of S223 and T289, respectively. The results indicated that alkaline stress altered phenylpropanoids, flavonoids, flavone and flavonol, valine, leucine, and isoleucine biosynthesis, as well as arginine, proline, tryptophan, and ascorbate metabolism. The effects of alkaline stress were not identical between the two varieties, which could lead to variations in active substance content. These results provide valuable information for further studies on food chemistry and the functional food development of BM grains. Copyright © 2023 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.


Qian Ma, Honglu Wang, Enguo Wu, Hui Zhang, Yu Feng, Baili Feng. Widely targeted metabolomic analysis revealed the effects of alkaline stress on nonvolatile and volatile metabolites in broomcorn millet grains. Food research international (Ottawa, Ont.). 2023 Sep;171:113066

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PMID: 37330826

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