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    Hypoxia (oxygen deprivation) occurs in most solid malignancies, albeit with considerable heterogeneity. Hypoxia is associated with an aggressive cancer phenotype by promotion of genomic instability, evasion of anti-cancer therapies including radiotherapy and enhancement of metastatic risk. Therefore, hypoxia results in poor cancer outcomes. Targeting hypoxia to improve cancer outcomes is an attractive therapeutic strategy. Hypoxia-targeted dose painting escalates radiotherapy dose to hypoxic sub-volumes, as quantified and spatially mapped using hypoxia imaging. This therapeutic approach could overcome hypoxia-induced radioresistance and improve patient outcomes without the need for hypoxia-targeted drugs. This article will review the premise and underpinning evidence for personalized hypoxia-targeted dose painting. It will present data on relevant hypoxia imaging biomarkers, highlight the challenges and potential benefit of this approach and provide recommendations for future research priorities in this field. Personalized hypoxia-based radiotherapy de-escalation strategies will also be addressed. Copyright © 2023 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.


    Ahmed Salem. Hypoxia-Targeted Dose Painting in Radiotherapy. Seminars in radiation oncology. 2023 Jul;33(3):298-306

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    PMID: 37331784

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