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The acidity constant in the form of pKa is one of the most important physicochemical quantities. There are prediction tools available for calculating the pKa , but they only deliver precise calculated values for a relatively small set of chemicals. For complex structures with multiple functional groups in particular, the error in the predicted pKa is high due to the application domain of the corresponding models. Thus, we aim to enlarge the dataset of experimentally determined pKa values using capillary electrophoresis. We, therefore, selected various pyridines, imidazoles, and oximes to determine the pKa values using the internal standard approach and the classical method. Especially oximes were not investigated in the past, and predictions for them include larger errors. Thus, our experimentally determined values could contribute to an improved understanding of various functional groups impacting the pKa values and serve as additional datasets to develop improved pKa prediction tools. © 2023 The Authors. Electrophoresis published by Wiley-VCH GmbH.


Anna Hajduk, Nadin Ulrich. Determination of acidity constants of pyridines, imidazoles, and oximes by capillary electrophoresis. Electrophoresis. 2023 Sep;44(17-18):1353-1360

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PMID: 37377077

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