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    Obtaining a high quality factor (Q factor) in applications based on metasurfaces is crucial for improving device performance. Therefore, bound states in the continuum (BICs) with ultra-high Q factors are expected to have many exciting applications in photonics. Breaking the structure symmetry has been viewed as an effective way of exciting quasi-bound states in the continuum (QBICs) and generating high-Q resonances. Among these, one exciting strategy is based on the hybridization of surface lattice resonances (SLRs). In this study, we investigated for the first time the Toroidal dipole bound states in the continuum (TD-BICs) based on the hybridization of Mie surface lattice resonances (SLRs) in an array. The unit cell of metasurface is made of a silicon nanorods dimer. The Q factor of QBICs can be precisely adjusted by changing the position of two nanorods, while the resonance wavelength remains quite stable against the change of position. Simultaneously, the far-field radiation and near-field distribution of the resonance are discussed. The results indicate that the toroidal dipole dominates this type of QBIC. Our results indicate that this quasi-BIC can be tuned by adjusting the size of the nanorods or the lattice period. Meanwhile, through the study of the shape variation, we found that this quasi-BIC exhibits excellent robustness, whether in the case of two symmetric or asymmetric nanoscale structures. This will also provide large fabrication tolerance for the fabrication of devices. Our research results will improve the mode analysis of surface lattice resonance hybridization, and may find promising applications in enhancing light-matter interaction, such as lasing, sensing, strong-coupling, and nonlinear harmonic generation.


    Deliang Chen, Juanjuan Xu, Hong Yu, Zhangjie Mo. Toroidal dipole bound states in the continuum based on hybridization of surface lattice resonances. Optics express. 2023 Jun 05;31(12):19828-19842

    PMID: 37381390

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