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A potassium replete diet is associated with lower cardiovascular risk but may increase the risk of hyperkalemia, particularly in people using renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system inhibitors. We investigated whether intracellular uptake and potassium excretion after an acute oral potassium load depend on the accompanying anion and/or aldosterone and whether this results in altered plasma potassium change. In this placebo-controlled interventional cross-over trial including 18 healthy individuals, we studied the acute effects of one oral load of potassium citrate (40 mmol), potassium chloride (40 mmol), and placebo in random order after overnight fasting. Supplements were administered after a 6-week period with and without lisinopril pretreatment. Linear mixed effect models were used to compare blood and urine values before and after supplementation and between the interventions. Univariable linear regression was used to determine the association between baseline variables and change in blood and urine values after supplementation. During the 4-hour follow-up, the rise in plasma potassium was similar for all interventions. After potassium citrate, both red blood cell potassium-as measure of the intracellular potassium-and transtubular potassium gradient (TTKG)-reflecting potassium secretory capacity-were higher than after potassium chloride or potassium citrate with lisinopril pretreatment. Baseline aldosterone was significantly associated with TTKG after potassium citrate, but not after potassium chloride or potassium citrate with lisinopril pretreatment. The observed TTKG change after potassium citrate was significantly associated with urine pH change during this intervention ( R =0.60, P < 0.001). With similar plasma potassium increase, red blood cell potassium uptake and kaliuresis were higher after an acute load of potassium citrate as compared with potassium chloride alone or pretreatment with lisinopril. Potassium supplementation in patients with chronic kidney disease and healthy subjects: effects on potassium and sodium balance, NL7618. Copyright © 2023 by the American Society of Nephrology.


Rosa D Wouda, Martin Gritter, Micky Karsten, Erik H A Michels, Tamar M Nieuweboer, A H Jan Danser, Martin H de Borst, Ewout J Hoorn, Joris I Rotmans, Liffert Vogt. Kaliuresis and Intracellular Uptake of Potassium with Potassium Citrate and Potassium Chloride Supplements: A Randomized Controlled Trial. Clinical journal of the American Society of Nephrology : CJASN. 2023 Jun 29

PMID: 37382933

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