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    The controlled and efficient formation of oxygen vacancies on the surface of metal oxide semiconductors is required for their use in gas sensors. This work addresses the gas-sensing behaviour of tin oxide (SnO2) nanoparticles for nitrogen oxide (NO2), NH3, CO, and H2S detection at various temperatures. Synthesis of SnO2 powder and deposition of SnO2 film is conducted using sol-gel and spin-coating methods, respectively, as these methods are cost-effective and easy to handle. The structural, morphological, and optoelectrical properties of nanocrystalline SnO2 films were studied using XRD, SEM, and UV-visible characterizations. The gas sensitivity of the film was tested by a two-probe resistivity measurement device, showing a better response for the NO2 and outstanding low-concentration detection capacity (down to 0.5 ppm). The anomalous relationship between specific surface area and gas-sensing performance indicates the SnO2 surface's higher oxygen vacancies. The sensor depicts a high sensitivity at 2 ppm for NO2 with response and recovery times of 184 s and 432 s, respectively, at room temperature. The result demonstrates that oxygen vacancies can significantly improve the gas-sensing capability of metal oxide semiconductors.


    Rahul Kumar, Mamta, Raman Kumari, Vidya Nand Singh. SnO2-Based NO2 Gas Sensor with Outstanding Sensing Performance at Room Temperature. Micromachines. 2023 Mar 25;14(4)

    PMID: 37420962

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