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Hypertriglyceridemia-induced acute pancreatitis (HTG-AP) should be considered in all cases of acute pancreatitis and triglyceride levels measured early, so that appropriate early and long-term treatment can be initiated. In most cases of HTG-AP, conservative management (nothing by mouth, intravenous fluid resuscitation and analgesia) is sufficient to achieve triglyceride levels less than 500 mg/dl. Intravenous insulin and plasmapheresis are sometimes used, although prospective studies showing clinical benefits are lacking. Pharmacological management of hypertriglyceridemia (HTG) should start early and target triglyceride levels of less than 500 mg/dl to reduce the risk or recurrent acute pancreatitis. In addition to currently used fenofibrate and omega-3 fatty acids, several novel agents are being studied for long-term treatment of HTG. These emerging therapies focus mainly on modifying the action of lipoprotein lipase (LPL) through inhibition of apolipoprotein CIII and angiopoietin-like protein 3. Dietary modifications and avoidance of secondary factors that worsen triglyceride levels should also be pursued. In some cases of HTG-AP, genetic testing may help personalize management and improve outcomes. Patients with HTG-AP require acute and long-term management of HTG with the goal of reducing and maintaining triglyceride levels to less than 500 mg/dl. Copyright © 2023 Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc. All rights reserved.


Nikola Gligorijevic, Maja Stefanovic-Racic, Erin E Kershaw. Medical management of hypertriglyceridemia in pancreatitis. Current opinion in gastroenterology. 2023 Sep 01;39(5):421-427

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PMID: 37421386

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