Correlation Engine 2.0
Clear Search sequence regions

Sizes of these terms reflect their relevance to your search.

Pseudobulbar affect (PBA) is a distressing symptom of a multitude of neurological conditions affecting patients with a rage of neuroinflammatory, neurovascular and neurodegenerative conditions. It manifests in disproportionate emotional responses to minimal or no contextual stimulus. It has considerable quality of life implications and treatment can be challenging. A prospective multimodal neuroimaging study was conducted to explore the neuroanatomical underpinnings of PBA in patients with primary lateral sclerosis (PLS). All participants underwent whole genome sequencing and screening for C9orf72 hexanucleotide repeat expansions, a comprehensive neurological assessment, neuropsychological screening (ECAS, HADS, FrSBe) and PBA was evaluated by the emotional lability questionnaire. Structural, diffusivity and functional MRI data were systematically evaluated in whole-brain (WB) data-driven and region of interest (ROI) hypothesis-driven analyses. In ROI analyses, functional and structural corticobulbar connectivity and cerebello-medullary connectivity alterations were evaluated separately. Our data-driven whole-brain analyses revealed associations between PBA and white matter degeneration in descending corticobulbar as well as in commissural tracts. In our hypothesis-driven analyses, PBA was associated with increased right corticobulbar tract RD (p = 0.006) and decreased FA (p = 0.026). The left-hemispheric corticobulbar tract, as well as functional connectivity, showed similar tendencies. While uncorrected p-maps revealed both voxelwise and ROI trends for associations between PBA and cerebellar measures, these did not reach significance to unequivocally support the "cerebellar hypothesis". Our data confirm associations between cortex-brainstem disconnection and the clinical severity of PBA. While our findings may be disease-specific, they are consistent with the classical cortico-medullary model of pseudobulbar affect. Copyright © 2023 The Author(s). Published by Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.


Marlene Tahedl, Ee Ling Tan, We Fong Siah, Jennifer C Hengeveld, Mark A Doherty, Russell L McLaughlin, Orla Hardiman, Eoin Finegan, Peter Bede. Radiological correlates of pseudobulbar affect: Corticobulbar and cerebellar components in primary lateral sclerosis. Journal of the neurological sciences. 2023 Aug 15;451:120726

Expand section icon Mesh Tags

PMID: 37421883

View Full Text