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Hair follicle stem cells (HFSCs) are an important basis for hair follicle morphogenesis and hair cycle growth. This cell type also represents an excellent model for studying the gene function and molecular regulation of the hair growth cycle, including proliferation, differentiation, and apoptosis. Basically, the functional investigation of hair growth-regulating genes demands a sufficient amount of HFSCs. However, efficient propagation of HFSCs in goats is a challenging process under the current culture conditions. Here, we investigated the effect of four components, including the Rho-associated protein kinase (ROCK) inhibitor Y-27632, leukemia inhibitory factor (LIF), basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF), and vitamin C, on cell growth and pluripotency in the basal culture medium (DMEM/F12 supplemented with 2% fetal bovine serum). We found that adding Y-27632, LIF, and bFGF independently increased the proliferation and pluripotency of goat HFSCs (gHFSCs), with Y-27632 having the most significant effect (P < 0.001). Fluorescence-activated cell sorting of the cell cycle revealed that Y-27632 promoted gHFSC proliferation by inducing the cell cycle from S to G2/M phase (P < 0.05). We further demonstrated that gHFSCs displayed superior proliferative capacity, clone-forming ability, and differentiation potential in the combined presence of Y-27632 (10 μM) and bFGF (10 ng/mL). We termed this novel culture condition as gHFEM, which stands for goat Hair Follicle Enhanced Medium. Taken together, these results indicate that gHFEM is an optimal condition for in vitro culture of gHFSCs, which will subsequently facilitate the study of HF growth and biology. © The Author(s) 2023. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the American Society of Animal Science. All rights reserved. For permissions, please e-mail:


Yan Li, Miaohan Jin, Yawei Gao, Lijin Lu, Jing Cao, Yao Liu, Yulin Chen, Xiaolong Wang. Efficient establishment of an optimized culture condition for cashmere goat primary hair follicle stem cells. Journal of animal science. 2023 Jan 03;101

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PMID: 37429584

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