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    The Gaboon viper (Bitis gabonica) is an exotic snake native to sub-Saharan Africa. Gaboon viper venom is an extremely toxic hemotoxin, causing severe coagulopathy and local tissue necrosis. These are not aggressive snakes and therefore bites involving humans are rare and there is not a substantial amount of literature documenting how to manage these injuries and resultant coagulopathies. We report a 29-year-old male presenting 3 hours after a Gaboon viper envenomation resulting in coagulopathy requiring massive resuscitation and multiple doses of antivenom. The patient received various blood products based on thromboelastography (TEG) and also underwent early continuous renal replacement therapy (CRRT) to assist in correction of severe acidosis and acute renal failure. The combination of TEG to guide resuscitation, administration of antivenom, and early implementation of CRRT allowed our team to correct venom-induced consumptive coagulopathy and ultimately allow the patient to survive following this extremely deadly Gaboon viper envenomation.

    Citation

    Justin D Faulkner, Christopher J Carballo, Elizabeth Acquista, Samuel D Baughman, William F Powers, Timothy J Novosel, James R Yon. Thromboelastography Use to Guide Resuscitation and Antivenom Administration after Gaboon Viper Bite. The American surgeon. 2023 Jul 11:3134822108681531348221086815


    PMID: 37431298

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