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Paraneoplastic IgA nephropathy (IgAN) is an underrecognized condition in which malignancy manifests as symptoms of IgAN, and it remains controversial regarding their mechanistic relation between IgAN and malignancy. Herein, we report a case of a 68-year-old Japanese man with glottic cancer who developed nephrotic syndrome as a clinical manifestation of IgAN. Renal biopsy revealed diffuse proliferative glomerulonephritis with glomerular capillary IgA deposition that is a rare subtype of IgAN. After complete remission of the glottic cancer by irradiation, proteinuria and hematuria disappeared. Based on his clinical course, we diagnosed paraneoplastic IgAN. Therefore, we should consider the possibility that IgAN with glomerular capillary IgA deposition might be paraneoplastic glomerulopathy especially before initiating immunosuppressive therapy. The patient thereafter developed prostate cancer and hepatocellular cancer, but IgAN did not recur. The association of IgAN specifically with the glottic cancer in this triple-cancer patient may suggest a potential link between IgAN and mucosal cancer. Because galactose-deficient IgA1 (Gd-IgA1) was observed in the similar pattern as IgA, Gd-IgA1 also may play an important role in the pathogenesis of paraneoplastic IgAN. © 2023. The Author(s) under exclusive licence to The Japan Society of Nephrology.

Citation

Erika Isogai, Yoshitaka Iwazu, Tetsu Akimoto, Makoto Kuro-O, Toshiro Niki, Daisuke Nagata. A case of paraneoplastic IgA nephropathy with glomerular capillary IgA and galactose-deficient IgA1 deposition. CEN case reports. 2024 Apr;13(2):104-109

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PMID: 37434086

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