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In idiopathic inflammatory myopathies (IIMs), interstitial lung disease (ILD) is common and the autoantibody profile, made up of myositis-specific and myositis-associated (MSA and MAA) antibodies, can predict the clinical phenotype and progression over time. This review will focus on the characteristics and management of antisynthetase syndrome related ILD and anti-MDA5 positive ILD, which are the most clinically relevant subtypes. The prevalence of ILD in IIM has been estimated in Asia, North America and Europe at 50, 23 and 26%, respectively, and is increasing. In antisynthetase syndrome related ILD, the clinical presentation, progression and prognosis varies among anti-ARS antibodies. ILD is more common and severe in patients with anti-PL-7/anti-PL-12 antibodies when compared with anti Jo-1 patients. The prevalence of anti-MDA5 antibodies is higher in Asians (11-60%) than in whites (7-16%). Sixty-six percent of antisynthetase syndrome patients had 'chronic ILD' compared with the more rapidly progressive ILD (RP-ILD) seen in 69% of patients with anti-MDA5 antibodies. ILD is most common in the antisynthetase subtype of IIM and can be a chronic indolent or RP- ILD. The MSA and MAAs are associated with different clinical phenotypes of ILD. Treatments typically involve combinations of corticosteroids and other immunosuppressants. Copyright © 2023 Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc. All rights reserved.


Trang T T Vu, Kevin K Brown, Joshua J Solomon. Myositis-associated interstitial lung disease. Current opinion in pulmonary medicine. 2023 Sep 01;29(5):427-435

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PMID: 37435671

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