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    Functioning pituitary adenomas and pheochromocytomas/paragangliomas are rare in the general population. Pituitary adenomas occur in the familial setting in approximately 5% of cases, whereas pheochromocytomas/paragangliomas can be hereditary in 30-40% of cases. Hereditary syndromes associated with pituitary adenomas include multiple endocrine neoplasia types 1 and 4, familial isolated pituitary adenomas, and Carney complex. Hereditary syndromes associated with pheochromocytomas/paragangliomas and genes, mutations in which predispose to their development, are more numerous. The first clinical descriptions of the co-occurrence of pituitary adenoma and pheochromocytoma/paraganglioma in one patient date back to the mid 20th century, however delineating such a co-occurrence into a particular syndrome («3PAs» (pituitary adenoma, pheochromocytoma, paraganglioma)) was suggested only in 2015. To date, approximately 100 cases of such a co-occurrence have been described in the literature. Mutations in genes encoding subunits of succinate dehydrogenase complex II (SDHx) are revealed in the majority of cases, much less common are mutations in MAX, MEN1 and some other genes. This review summarizes the current information on the «3PAs» syndrome.


    E O Mamedova, D V Lisina, Zh E Belaya. Rare forms of hereditary endocrine neoplasia: co-existence of pituitary adenoma and pheochromocytoma/paraganglioma]. Problemy endokrinologii. 2023 May 11;69(2):24-30

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    PMID: 37448268

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