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Circadian rhythm is a roughly 24-h wake and sleep cycle that almost all of the organisms on the earth follow when they execute their biological functions and physiological activities. The circadian clock is mainly regulated by the transcription-translation feedback loop (TTFL), consisting of the core clock proteins, including BMAL1, CLOCK, PERs, CRYs, and a series of accessory factors. The circadian clock and the downstream gene expression are not only controlled at the transcriptional and translational levels but also precisely regulated at the post-translational modification level. Recently, it has been discovered that CLOCK exhibits lysine acetyltransferase activities and could acetylate protein substrates. Core clock proteins are also acetylated, thereby altering their biological functions in the regulation of the expression of downstream genes. Studies have revealed that many protein acetylation events exhibit oscillation behavior. However, the biological function of acetylation on circadian rhythm has only begun to explore. This review will briefly introduce the acetylation and deacetylation of the core clock proteins and summarize the proteins whose acetylation is regulated by CLOCK and circadian rhythm. Then, we will also discuss the crosstalk between lysine acetylation and the circadian clock or other post-translational modifications. Finally, we will briefly describe the possible future perspectives in the field. Copyright © 2023. Published by Elsevier B.V.


Honglv Jiang, Xiaohui Wang, Jingjing Ma, Guoqiang Xu. The fine-tuned crosstalk between lysine acetylation and the circadian rhythm. Biochimica et biophysica acta. Gene regulatory mechanisms. 2023 Sep;1866(3):194958

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PMID: 37453648

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