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Programmable endonucleases, such as Cas (Clustered Regularly-Interspaced Short Repeats-associated proteins) and prokaryotic Argonaute (pAgo), depend on base pairing of the target DNA with the guide RNA or DNA to cleave DNA strands. Therefore, they are capable of recognizing and cleaving DNA sequences at virtually any arbitrary site. The present review focuses on the commonly used in vivo and in vitro recombination-based gene cloning methods and the application of programmable endonucleases in these sequence- and ligation-independent DNA assembly methods. The advantages and shortcomings of the programmable endonucleases utilized as tools for gene cloning are also discussed in this review.


Xingchen Xiong, Zhiwen Lu, Lixin Ma, Chao Zhai. Applications of Programmable Endonucleases in Sequence- and Ligation-Independent Seamless DNA Assembly. Biomolecules. 2023 Jun 21;13(7)

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PMID: 37509059

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