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    Acute aortic occlusion (AAO) is a morbid diagnosis in which mortality correlates with severity of ischemia on presentation. Visceral ischemia (VI) is challenging to diagnose and its presentation as a consequence of AAO is not well-studied. We aim to identify characteristics associated with VI in AAO to facilitate diagnosis. Patients diagnosed with AAO who underwent revascularization were identified retrospectively from institutional records (2006-2020). The primary outcome was the development of VI (intra-abdominal ischemia). Univariate analysis was used to compare demographic, exam, imaging, and intraoperative variables between patients with and without VI in the setting of AAO. Ninety-one patients were included. The prevalence of VI was 20.9%. Preoperative comorbidities, time to revascularization, and operative approach did not differ between patients with and without VI. Patients with VI more frequently were transferred from outside institutions (100% vs. 53%, P = 0.02), presented with advanced acute limb ischemia (Rutherford III 36.9% vs. 7.5%, P < 0.01), and had elevated preoperative serum lactate (4.31 vs. 2.41 mmol/L, P < 0.01). VI patients had an increased occurrence of bilateral internal iliac artery (IIA) occlusion (47.4% vs. 18.1%, P = 0.01). Unilateral IIA occlusion, level of aortic occlusion, and patency of inferior mesenteric arteries were not associated with VI. Patients with VI had worse postoperative outcomes. In particular, VI conferred significant risk of mortality (odds ratio 5.45, P < 0.01). Visceral ischemia is a common consequence of AAO. Elevated lactate, bilateral IIA occlusion, and advanced acute limb ischemia (ALI) should increase clinical suspicion for concomitant VI with AAO and may facilitate earlier diagnosis to improve outcomes. Copyright © 2023. Published by Elsevier Inc.


    Maryam K Mohammed, Elizabeth A Andraska, Abhisekh Mohapatra, Efthymios D Avgerinos, Michael C Madigan, Karim M Salem. Incidence and Outcomes of Visceral Ischemia in Acute Aortic Occlusion. Annals of vascular surgery. 2023 Jul 27

    PMID: 37516427

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