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    Antioxidant actions of melatonin and its impact on testicular function and fertility have already been described. Considering that Sertoli cells contribute to provide structural support and nutrition to germ cells, we evaluated the effect of melatonin on oxidative state and lactate metabolism in the immature murine TM4 cell line and in immature hamster Sertoli cells. A prooxidant stimulus applied to rodent Sertoli cells expressing MT1/MT2 receptors, increased lipid peroxidation whereas decreased antioxidant enzymes (superoxide dismutase 1, catalase, peroxiredoxin 1) expression and catalase activity. These changes were prevented by melatonin. Furthermore, melatonin stimulated lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) expression/activity via melatonin receptors, and increased intracellular lactate production in rodent Sertoli cells. Interestingly, oral melatonin supplementation in infertile men positively regulated LDHA testicular mRNA expression. Overall, our work provides insights into the potential benefits of melatonin on Sertoli cells contributing to testicular development and the future establishment of a sustainable spermatogenesis. Copyright © 2023 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.


    Soledad P Rossi, María E Matzkin, Eugenia Riviere, Gustavo Martinez, Roberto Ponzio, Oscar Levalle, Claudio Terradas, Ricardo S Calandra, Mónica B Frungieri. Melatonin improves oxidative state and lactate metabolism in rodent Sertoli cells. Molecular and cellular endocrinology. 2023 Oct 01;576:112034

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    PMID: 37516434

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