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    Virus-induced severe fever with thrombocytopenia syndrome (SFTS) induces a cell-mediated immune response that likely contributes to virus control in SFTS patients. To identify the temporal changes of the cell-mediated immune response, we investigated the changes in serum levels of perforin and granzymes at early periods after illness onset in SFTS patients. We analyzed 32 SFTS patients and compared the temporal patterns of serum perforin and granzyme A and B to that of 20 healthy control adults using the Mann-Whitney U test. Compared with healthy controls, the mean level of perforin was significantly reduced by 81% (P < 0.01) during the first week after illness onset, whereas granzyme B significantly increased by 4.6-fold (P = 0.02) in the first week after illness onset and decreased to normal afterward. During the study period, there was no significant difference in serum perforin and granzyme. These findings indicate that perforin and granzyme B in serum can be considered possible serologic markers that reflect the clinical stage of SFTS. Additional study is warranted for tracking circulating perforin and granzyme in different ages and for an extended period after illness onset.


    Sukhyun Ryu, Jin Kyeong Choi, Chiara Achangwa, Soojung Cho, Joo-Hee Hwang, Jeong-Hwan Hwang, Niels Bovenschen, Chang-Seop Lee. Temporal Dynamics of Serum Perforin and Granzymes in Three Different Clinical Stages of Virus-Induced Severe Fever with Thrombocytopenia Syndrome. The American journal of tropical medicine and hygiene. 2023 Sep 06;109(3):554-558

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    PMID: 37524330

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