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    Previous studies suggest that housing relocation may be stressful for captive non-human primates. Our study investigated the stress levels of Japanese macaques during a housing relocation by measuring their daily fecal cortisol metabolites, which are often used as an indicator of stress. Ten adult Japanese macaques, single-housed for research purposes, were relocated to a new facility. Fecal samples were collected daily for 7 days. Cortisol metabolite concentrations were determined via enzyme immunoassay. No significant differences in cortisol metabolite levels were found in 7 days, but concentration levels showed that the highest median was associated to the relocation day. The minimal cortisol metabolite increase suggests that there was a slight activity increase in the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis. Techniques encouraging cooperation of the monkeys, the short time duration of the relocation, and consistency in the environment may have contributed to the minimal stress levels observed. © 2023 John Wiley & Sons A/S. Published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd.


    Nelson Broche, Vanessa Gris, Naoko Suda-Hashimoto, Keiko Mouri, Takako Miyabe-Nishiwaki, Juri Suzuki, Michael A Huffman. Housing relocation does not have to induce a significant stress response in captive Japanese macaques (Macaca fuscata). Journal of medical primatology. 2023 Dec;52(6):347-352

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    PMID: 37525380

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