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    Nitric oxide (NO) contributes to blood pressure (BP) regulation via its vasodilatory and anti-inflammatory properties. We and others previously reported sex differences in BP in normotensive and hypertensive rat models where females have lower BP than age-matched males. As females are known to have greater NO bioavailability than age-matched males, the current study was designed to test the hypothesis that anesthetized female normotensive Wistar Kyoto rats (WKY) are more responsive to acute NOS inhibition-induced increases in BP compared to male WKY. Twelve-week-old male and female WKY were randomized to infusion of the nonspecific NOS inhibitor NG -nitro-L-arginine methyl ester (L-NAME, 1 mg/kg/min) or selective NOS1 inhibition with vinyl-L-NIO (VNIO, 0.5 mg/kg/min) for 60 min. Mean arterial BP, glomerular filtration rate (GFR), urine volume, and electrolyte excretion were assessed before, and during L-NAME or VNIO infusion. L-NAME and VNIO significantly increased BP in both sexes; however, the increase in BP with L-NAME infusion was greater in females versus males compared to baseline BP values. Acute infusion of neither L-NAME nor VNIO for 60 min altered GFR in either sex. However, urine volume, sodium, chloride and potassium excretion levels increased comparably in male and female WKY with L-NAME and VNIO infusion. Our findings suggest sex differences in BP responses to acute non-isoform-specific NOS inhibition in WKY, with females being more responsive to L-NAME-induced elevations in BP relative to male WKY. However, sex differences in the BP response did not coincide with sex differences in renal hemodynamic responses to acute NOS inhibition. © 2023 The Authors. Physiological Reports published by Wiley Periodicals LLC on behalf of The Physiological Society and the American Physiological Society.


    Ahmed A Elmarakby, Karim M Saad, G Ryan Crislip, Jennifer C Sullivan. Acute nitric oxide synthase inhibition induces greater increases in blood pressure in female versus male Wistar Kyoto rats. Physiological reports. 2023 Aug;11(15):e15771

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    PMID: 37549936

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