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Numerous studies have revealed the profound impact of microRNAs on regulating skeletal muscle development and regeneration. However, the biological function and regulation mechanism of miR-222-3p in skeletal muscle remains largely unknown. In this study, miR-222-3p was found to be abundantly expressed in the impaired skeletal muscles, indicating that it might have function in the development and regeneration process of the skeletal muscle. MiR-222-3p overexpression impeded C2C12 myoblast proliferation and myogenic differentiation, whereas inhibition of miR-222-3p got the opposite results. The dual-luciferase reporter assay showed that insulin receptor substrate-1 (IRS-1) was the target gene of miR-222-3p. We next found that knockdown of IRS-1 could obviously suppress C2C12 myoblast proliferation and differentiation. Additionally, miR-222-3p-induced repression of myoblast proliferation and differentiation was verified to be associated with a decrease in phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K)-Akt signaling. Overall, we demonstrated that miR-222-3p inhibited C2C12 cells myogenesis via IRS-1/PI3K/Akt pathway. Therefore, miR-222-3p may be used as a therapeutic target for alleviating muscle loss caused by inherited and nonhereditary diseases. © 2023 Wiley Periodicals LLC.


Xiaofang Wei, Juan Wang, Yaqin Sun, Tong Zhao, Xiaomao Luo, Jiayin Lu, Wei Hou, Xiuju Yu, Linli Xue, Yi Yan, Haidong Wang. MiR-222-3p suppresses C2C12 myoblast proliferation and differentiation via the inhibition of IRS-1/PI3K/Akt pathway. Journal of cellular biochemistry. 2023 Sep;124(9):1379-1390

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PMID: 37565526

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