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Hydrogen-bonded organic frameworks (HOFs) have emerged as a promising class of materials for applications of separation and enrichment. Utilizing multiple-ligands to construct HOFs is a promising avenue towards the development of structurally stable and functionally diverse frameworks, offering opportunities to create customized binding sites for selective recognition of biomolecules. In recent years, due to the crucial role that protein post-translational modifications (PTMs) play in maintaining protein function and regulating signaling pathways, and the growing recognition of the extensive cross-talk that can occur between PTMs, simultaneous analysis of different types of PTMs represents a requirement of a new generation of enrichment materials. Here, for the first attempt, we report a dual-ligand HOF constructed from borate anion and guanidinium cation for the simultaneous identification of glycopeptides and phosphopeptides, especially mono-phosphopeptides. According to theoretical calculations, the HOF functional sites display a synergistic "matching" effect with mono-phosphopeptides, resulting in a stronger enrichment effect for mono-phosphopeptides as compared to multi-phosphopeptides. Also, due to its high hydrophilicity and boronate affinity, this material can efficiently capture glycoproteins. HOF is set to become an active research direction in the development of highly efficient simultaneous protein enrichment materials, and offers a new approach for comprehensive PTMs analysis. Copyright © 2023 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.


Fangfang Xiong, Te Zhang, Jiutong Ma, Qiong Jia. Dual-ligand hydrogen-bonded organic framework: Tailored for mono-phosphopeptides and glycopeptides analysis. Talanta. 2024 Jan 01;266(Pt 2):125068

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PMID: 37574607

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