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In this study, the effect of photobiomodulation (PBM) treatment using 630 nm light emitting diode (LED) array (continuous wave type, 10 mW power) on tonsil-derived mesenchymal stem cells (TMSCs) and its interaction with RAW 264.7 macrophage cells via co-culture in vitro were investigated. PBM treatment was used as a priming method for TMSCs to improve therapeutic efficacy. TMSCs were subjected to multi-dose PBM treatments before co-culture with M1 activated (1 μg/mL lipopolysaccharide, LPS) macrophage cells with total energy doses of 0, 15, 30, and 60 J. Irradiation set at 15 J (1500 s treatment time) was performed once, twice for 30 J, and four times for 60 J in an incubator kept at 37 °C and 5% CO2. No significant anti-inflammatory response was observed for TMSCs co-cultured with macrophage cells without PBM. But PBM treatment of TMSCs with 630 nm LED array at 30 J reduced expression of inducible nitric oxide synthase, iNOS (M1) and increased expression of Arginase-1, Arg-1 (M2) phenotype macrophage markers. Anti-inflammatory cytokine interleukin-1 receptor antagonist (IL-1RA) gene expression also increased significantly. Based on the results, PBM priming of TMSCs supports M2 macrophage polarization. PBM can be used to improve the therapeutic efficacy of TMSCs for potential applications in oral mucositis and wound healing. Copyright © 2023. Published by Elsevier B.V.


Ken Woo, So Young Park, Andrew Padalhin, Hyun Seok Ryu, Celine Dg Abueva. Photobiomodulation enhances M2 macrophage polarization properties of tonsil-derived mesenchymal stem cells. Journal of photochemistry and photobiology. B, Biology. 2023 Sep;246:112770

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PMID: 37579650

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