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The gut microbiota of patients undergoing allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) changes, leading to complications such as acute graft-versus-host disease (GVHD). This study aimed to evaluate the human microbiota composition before and after HSCT in β-thalassemia major (β-TM) children. Twenty-two β-TM children who received allo-HSCT between December 2018 and March 2020 were enrolled. They were followed up for more than 100 days after HSCT, and their gut microbiota information and disease data were recorded at five-time points. The dominant bacteria were Bacteroidetes and Firmicutes at the phylum level and Lachnospiraceae at the family level before and after HSCT. In the differential analysis, Ruminococcaceae constantly decreased after HSCT. Besides, Rothia mucilaginosa was the most abundant 2 months after HSCT compared to before it. Additionally, GVHD patients presented decreased levels of Bacteroidetes compared to those without GVHD. Moreover, Blautia levels significantly decreased in critically ill GVHD patients. The gut microbiota of the 22 β-TM children showed a clear trend of destruction and reconstruction within 100 days after HSCT. The extra-oral infections and inflammations of Rothia mucilaginosa, a Gram-positive bacterium of the normal oropharyngeal tract microbiota, might play an important role in the recovery process of HSCT. Finally, decreased Bacteroidetes levels were associated with GVHD onset. © 2023 Wiley Periodicals LLC.


Hongfeng Luo, Taohua Liu, Yuhua Qu, Caiyun Kuang, Minhua Xiao, Jing Sun, Huimin Chen, Jinhui Wu, Xihong Liu, Hua Jiang. Gut microbiota trajectory in β-thalassemia major children who underwent allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation. Transplant infectious disease : an official journal of the Transplantation Society. 2023 Oct;25(5):e14111

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PMID: 37615262

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